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Basic Science Quiz

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1 / 50

Which of the following statement regarding calcium homeostasis is false?

2 / 50

Which of the following muscle does not form rotator cuff of shoulder:

3 / 50

Hypercalcaemia may present with all of the following clinical signs EXCEPT:

4 / 50

The predominant collagen in the knee menisci is?

5 / 50

Which one of the following is not a branch of of the posterior cord of the brachial plexus?

6 / 50

Bone graft works by providing following mechanisms. Which of these is most important.

7 / 50

Which of the following statements regarding osteoporosis is true?

8 / 50

During fracture healing, differentiation of the progenitor cells depends on local oxygen tension and strain. Based on this theory, the following promotes formation of woven bone during fracture healing:

9 / 50

The target cell for Bone Morphogenic Protein is:

10 / 50

An 80 year old woman with osteoporosis presents with a fagility fracture of the hip. Which of the following statements are true?

11 / 50

During a direct lateral (Hardinge) approach to the hip, which neurovascular structure may be injured by excessive retraction of the gluteus medius muscle?

12 / 50

Decreased Oestrogen levels leading to reduce bone mass:

13 / 50

A 27-year-old male undergoes intramedullary nailing of a midshaft tibia fracture with static locking proximally and distally. There is minimal healing noted 3 months postoperatively and the decision is made to dynamize the nail. For intramedullary nail dynamization, an interlocking screw should be placed in which of the holes shown in Figure?

Question Image

14 / 50

Bleeding tendency is least likely in which one of the following conditions?

15 / 50

Which risk factor for osteonecrosis is characterised by lipid-laden macrophages?

16 / 50

What nerve innervates the pronator quadratus muscle?

17 / 50

Which of the following is true regarding rigid locking plate constructs in fracture fixation?

18 / 50

Bone graft that is Osteoconductive and absorbs slowly:

19 / 50

Which of the following does not contribute to the blood supply of the femoral neck/head?

20 / 50

Concerning haemophilia which one of the following statements is TRUE?

21 / 50

Bone graft that is converted to calcium phosphate via thermo-exchange is?

22 / 50

Which of the following is true regarding rigid locking plate constructs in fracture fixation?

23 / 50

Which layer provides skin with most of its tensile strength?

24 / 50

Genetic disorder caused by a lack of effect of parathyroid hormone at the target:

25 / 50

Which of the following grafts / substitutes has the best osteoconductive properties?

26 / 50

Classically physeal injuries occur through the zone of:

27 / 50

Which of the following techniques increases strength and stability to an external fixation construct?

28 / 50

Which one of following statements is FALSE in the bone metabolism ?

29 / 50

The artery of the ligamentumteres (foveal artery) is a branch of which vessel:

30 / 50

Which of the following is true regarding rigid locking plate constructs in fracture fixation?

31 / 50

Rickets affects which zone of the growth plate?

32 / 50

The popliteus muscle receives its motor innervation from؟

33 / 50

Arthroscope was invented and first used by:

34 / 50

During ilioinguinal approach, actively bleeding vascular bundle crossing the superior pubic ramus is encountered. The artery is most likely an anastomosis between which of the following arteries?

35 / 50

Most serious complication of arthroscopy is:

36 / 50

In wound healing, inflammation is triggered by

37 / 50

A 24-year-old female presents with a transverse midshaft humerus fracture. Which of the following implants would create the most compression on both the far and near cortices?

38 / 50

Which of the following is both osteoconductive and osteoinductive?

39 / 50

The index finger proximal interphalangeal joint type is:

40 / 50

Which of the following is most serious complication of myelography:

41 / 50

The anterior (Smith-Petersen) approach to the hip utilises the internervous plane between muscles supplied by the superior gluteal nerve and which other nerve?

42 / 50

Hypercalcaemia can be caused by all of the following conditions EXCEPT:

43 / 50

What are contraindications of arthroscopy:

44 / 50

A 27-year-old male undergoes intramedullary nailing of a midshaft tibia fracture with static locking proximally and distally. There is minimal healing noted 3 months postoperatively and the decision is made to dynamize the nail. For intramedullary nail dynamization, an interlocking screw should be placed in which of the holes shown in Figure?

Question Image

45 / 50

Which of the following scenarios of treatment of a humerus fracture best achieves low strain at the fracture site and high stiffness of the treatment construct?

46 / 50

Which of the following best characterises the chronic phase (>12 months) of reflex sympathetic dystrophy (complex regional pain syndrome)as described by Lankford and Evans

47 / 50

With regard to the anatomy of the subaxial cervical spine, all of the following are true EXCEPT?

48 / 50

Vitamin C deficiency leading to defective collagen synthesis:

49 / 50

The cell Produces synovial fluid is:

50 / 50

Which is the strongest ligament?

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